To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272101015601 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272101015264 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272101015742 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000172511345272101015507 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000252311345272101016317 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Decimal Results are displayed as decimal numbers Científica Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Binário Results are displayed as binary numbers Octal Results are displayed as octal numbers Hexadecimal Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272101015327 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000545711345272101015321 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 Ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. Ddb Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. VF Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. Pgt Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. Pv Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Taxa Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. DC Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Dsa Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Termo Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-base.page0000644000175000017500000000072011345272101015236 00000000000000 Number Bases

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000147011345272101015501 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000072111345272101015614 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/trigonometry.page0000644000175000017500000000231611345272101016126 00000000000000 Trigonometry

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000140011345272101014774 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000426011345272101015374 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Valor Absoluto cos Cosseno cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Logaritmo Natural log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Seno sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Raiz Quadrada tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000056111345272101015054 00000000000000 Módulo da Divisão

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000207411345272101015165 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ CtrlR π CtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000075211345272101016265 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000211311345272101014507 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Básica Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Avançada Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Científica Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Financeira Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programming Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/index.page0000644000175000017500000000147411345272101014477 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000224511345272101015212 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272101015211 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/power.page0000644000175000017500000000233611345272101014522 00000000000000 Powers and Roots

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000064011345272101015350 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/conv-currency.page0000644000175000017500000000122611345272101016160 00000000000000 Currency

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000046611345272101015037 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000101411345272077014342 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/pt_BR/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000156611345272101015360 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272102012227 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/base.page0000644000175000017500000000206511345272101013721 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272101015223 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272101014706 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272101015364 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000172511345272101015131 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000252311345272101015741 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Decimal Results are displayed as decimal numbers Vetenskapligt Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Binär Results are displayed as binary numbers Oktal Results are displayed as octal numbers Hexadecimal Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000244311345272102014760 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272101014751 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000545711345272101014743 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 Ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. Ddb Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. Fv Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. Pmt Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. Pv Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Rate Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. Sln Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Syd Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Term Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-base.page0000644000175000017500000000072011345272101014660 00000000000000 Number Bases

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000147011345272101015123 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000072111345272101015236 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000140011345272101014416 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000426011345272101015016 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Absolutvärde cos Cosinus cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Naturliga logaritmen log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Sinus sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Kvadratrot tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000055611345272101014502 00000000000000 Modulus Division

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000207411345272101014607 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ CtrlR π CtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000075211345272101015707 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000212311345272101014132 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Grundläggande Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Avancerat Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Vetenskapligt Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Ekonomi Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programmering Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/index.page0000644000175000017500000000147411345272101014121 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000224511345272101014634 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272101014633 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/power.page0000644000175000017500000000233611345272101014144 00000000000000 Powers and Roots

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000064011345272101014772 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/conv-currency.page0000644000175000017500000000122611345272101015602 00000000000000 Currency

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000046611345272101014461 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000101411345272077013764 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/sv/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000156611345272101015002 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272077011774 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/base.page0000644000175000017500000000203211345272077013461 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000106611345272077015001 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272077014464 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000205111345272077015133 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000170411345272077014674 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000246511345272077015514 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Decimal Results are displayed as decimal numbers Scientific Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Binary Results are displayed as binary numbers Octal Results are displayed as octal numbers Hexadecimal Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000241011345272077014517 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000057011345272077014520 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000542411345272077014503 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 Ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. Ddb Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. Fv Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. Pmt Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. Pv Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Rate Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. Sln Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Syd Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Term Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-base.page0000644000175000017500000000066511345272077014436 00000000000000 Number Bases

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000143511345272077014672 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000066611345272077015014 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/trigonometry.page0000644000175000017500000000226311345272077015317 00000000000000 Trigonometry

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000134511345272077014174 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000422211345272077014562 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Absolute Value cos Cosine cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Natural Logarithm log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Sine sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Square Root tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000052311345272077014242 00000000000000 Modulus Division

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000204111345272077014347 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ CtrlR π CtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000071711345272077015456 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000205311345272077013702 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Basic Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Advanced Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Scientific Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Financial Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programming Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/index.page0000644000175000017500000000144211345272077013662 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000221211345272077014374 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000063411345272077014373 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/power.page0000644000175000017500000000230311345272077013704 00000000000000 Powers and Roots

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000060511345272077014541 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/conv-currency.page0000644000175000017500000000117311345272077015351 00000000000000 Currency

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000043311345272077014221 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000075611345272077013532 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/C/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000153311345272077014542 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272102012225 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/base.page0000644000175000017500000000206511345272101013717 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272101015221 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272101014704 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272101015362 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000172511345272101015127 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000262511345272101015742 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Десятичная Results are displayed as decimal numbers Научный Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Двоичная Results are displayed as binary numbers Восьмеричная Results are displayed as octal numbers Шестнадцатеричная Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000245611345272101014761 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation Число e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272101014747 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000545711345272101014741 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. ddb Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. fv Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. pmt Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. Pv Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. rate Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. sln Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. syd Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. term Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

состоит " "из следующих областей:" #: C/gcalctool.xml:287(term) msgid "Menubar" msgstr "Меню" #: C/gcalctool.xml:289(para) msgid "" "The menus on the menubar contain all of the commands that you need to work " "with gcalctool

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000147011345272101015121 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000072111345272101015234 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/trigonometry.page0000644000175000017500000000231611345272101015546 00000000000000 Trigonometry

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000140011345272101014414 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000430111345272101015010 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Модуль cos Cosine cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Natural Logarithm log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Sine sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Квадратный корень tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000055611345272101014500 00000000000000 Modulus Division

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000207511345272101014606 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ CtrlП π CtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000075211345272101015705 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000215411345272101014134 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Простой Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Расширенный Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Научный Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Финансовый Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programming Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/index.page0000644000175000017500000000147411345272101014117 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000224511345272101014632 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272101014631 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/power.page0000644000175000017500000000233611345272101014142 00000000000000 Powers and Roots

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000064011345272101014770 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/conv-currency.page0000644000175000017500000000122611345272101015600 00000000000000 Currency

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000046611345272101014457 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000101411345272077013762 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/ru/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000156611345272101015000 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272102012167 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/base.page0000644000175000017500000000206511345272077013675 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272077015177 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272077014662 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272100015323 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000173711345272100015073 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000257711345272100015711 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Десетична Results are displayed as decimal numbers Научен Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Двоична Results are displayed as binary numbers Осмична Results are displayed as octal numbers Шестнайсетична Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000244311345272100014716 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272077014725 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000552111345272077014707 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 УсПо Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. ДПО Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. бст Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. ППл Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. ТСт Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Лихва Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. ОПЛ Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Амо Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Срок Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-base.page0000644000175000017500000000072011345272077014634 00000000000000 Number Bases

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000147011345272100015062 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000072111345272077015212 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/trigonometry.page0000644000175000017500000000231611345272100015507 00000000000000 Trigonometry

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000140011345272077014372 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000436611345272077015001 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Абсолютна стойност cos Косинус cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Натурален логаритъм log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Синус sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Корен квадратен tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000055611345272100014441 00000000000000 Modulus Division

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000207411345272100014546 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ CtrlR π CtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000075211345272077015663 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000214011345272100014070 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Основен Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Разширен Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Научен Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Финансов Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programming Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/index.page0000644000175000017500000000147411345272077014075 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000224511345272077014610 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272077014607 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000064011345272077014746 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/conv-currency.page0000644000175000017500000000122611345272077015556 00000000000000 Currency

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000046611345272077014435 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000101411345272077013724 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/bg/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000156611345272100014741 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272102012210 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/base.page0000644000175000017500000000206511345272100013701 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272100015203 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272100014666 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272100015344 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000172511345272100015111 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000253411345272100015723 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Hamartarra Results are displayed as decimal numbers Zientifikoa Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Bitarra Results are displayed as binary numbers Zortzitarra Results are displayed as octal numbers Hamaseitarra Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000244311345272100014737 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272100014731 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000545711345272100014723 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 Ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value, at a fixed interest rate per compounding period. Ddb Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the double-declining balance method. Fv Calculate the future value of an investment based on a series of equal payments at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Gpm Calculate the resale price of a product, based on the product cost and the wanted gross profit margin. Pmt Calculate the amount of the periodic payment of a loan, where payments are made at the end of each payment period. Pv Calculate the present value of an investment based on a series of equal payments discounted at a periodic interest rate over the number of payment periods in the term. Tasa Calculate the periodic interest necessary to increase an investment to a future value, over the number of compounding periods. Sln Calculate the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. The straight-line method of depreciation divides the depreciable cost evenly over the useful life of an asset. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Syd Calculate the depreciation allowance on an asset for a specified period of time, using the Sum-of-the-Years'-Digits method. This method of depreciation accelerates the rate of depreciation, so that more depreciation expense occurs in earlier periods than in later ones. The useful life is the number of periods, typically years, over which an asset is depreciated. Epea Calculate the number of payment periods that are necessary during the term of an ordinary annuity, to accumulate a future value, at a periodic interest rate.

Financial functions cannot be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/conv-base.page0000644000175000017500000000072011345272100014640 00000000000000 Number Bases

To convert between number bases enter a number (or solve an equation) and change the result format from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/percentage.page0000644000175000017500000000147011345272100015103 00000000000000 Percentages

Percentages are calculated using the % symbol.

When added or subtracted the percentage symbol solves to percentage of the value being added or subtracted from. The following equation calculates the price of a \$140 item with 15% tax (140 + (15÷100)×140).

140+15%

In all other cases the percentage symbol solves to a fraction out of 100. The following equation calculates one quarter of 80 apples ((25÷100)×80).

25%×80

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/conv-weight.page0000644000175000017500000000072111345272100015216 00000000000000 Mass

To convert between mass use the in operator.

1kg in pounds

Mass conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/trigonometry.page0000644000175000017500000000231611345272100015530 00000000000000 Trigonometry

Trigonometry can be performed using the sin, cos, and tan function.

sin 45

The angle units used can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu. Trigonometry buttons are visible when in scientific mode.

Hyperbolic functions are available by adding "h" to the end of a function.

sinh 0.34

Inverse functions are entered either using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI) or the "a" form of the function. The following two equations are equivalent.

sin⁻¹ 0.5

asin 0.5

To enter π with the keyboard use CtrlP.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/boolean.page0000644000175000017500000000140011345272100014376 00000000000000 Boolean Algebra

Boolean algebra can be calculated using the AND, OR and XOR operators.

010011₂ AND 110101₂

Buttons for these symbols are available in programming mode.

The NOT function inverts the bits in a number. The word size is set from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

NOT 010011₂

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/functions.page0000644000175000017500000000426511345272100015003 00000000000000 Functions

Functions can be used by inserting the name of the function followed by the function argument. If the argument is not a number or variable then use parenthesis around the argument.

sin 30

abs (5−9)

The following functions are defined.

 abs Balio absolutua cos Kosinua cosh Hyperbolic Cosine frac Fractional Component int Integer Component ln Logaritmo nepertarra log Logarithm not Boolean NOT ones Ones complement sin Sinua sinh Hyperbolic Sine sqrt Erro karratua tan Tangent tanh Hyperbolic Tangent twos Twos complement

GCalctool does not support user-defined functions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/modulus.page0000644000175000017500000000056011345272100014455 00000000000000 Zatiketa modularra

Modulus division is performed using the mod operator.

9 mod 5

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/keyboard.page0000644000175000017500000000207411345272100014567 00000000000000 Using the Keyboard

All mathematical equations can be entered using the keyboard.

The following key combinations can be used to enter keys that may not be available on your keyboard.

 × * ÷ / ^ * twice √ KtrlR π KtrlP

To enter superscript numbers use Ctrlnumber, for subscript use Altnumber.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/conv-character.page0000644000175000017500000000075211345272100015667 00000000000000 Character Codes

When in programming mode the á button opens a dialog to convert characters to character codes.

Characters cannot be converted using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/mouse.page0000644000175000017500000000212211345272100014111 00000000000000 Using the Mouse

All equations can be entered using the mouse. To access all buttons there are a number of modes that can be selected from the View menu.

 Oinarrizkoa Provides buttons suitable for basic equations Aurreratua Provides buttons suitable for advanced mathematics Zientifikoa Provides buttons suitable for trigonometry Finantzarioa Provides buttons suitable for financial equations Programming Provides buttons suitable for computer programmers
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/index.page0000644000175000017500000000147411345272100014101 00000000000000 Robert Ancell robert.ancell@gmail.com GCalctool Help
User Interface
Equations
Numbers
Conversions
Financial Calculations
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/equation.page0000644000175000017500000000224511345272100014614 00000000000000 0 Basic Equations

Equations are entered in standard mathematical form. For example to add 7 and 2 enter the following:

7+2

To solve, press the = button with your mouse or the Enter key on your keyboard.

Calculations are performed in mathematical order - multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction. The following equation solves to 1 (3×2 = 6, 7−6 = 1).

7−3×2

To change the order of calculation use parenthesis. The following equation solves to 8 (7−3 = 4, 4×2 = 8).

(7−3)×2

To clear the display press the Clr button or Escape.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/absolute.page0000644000175000017500000000066711345272100014613 00000000000000 Absolute Values

Absolute values are calculated using the | symbol or abs function.

|−1|

abs (−1)

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/power.page0000644000175000017500000000233611345272100014124 00000000000000 Powers and Roots

Powers are entered by putting a superscript number after the value.

The inverse of a number can be entered using the inverse symbol ⁻¹ (CtrlI).

3⁻¹

Powers can also be calculated using the ^ symbol. This allows the power to be an equation.

5^(6−2)

If your keyboard does not have a ^ key you can use * twice.

Square roots can be calculated using the symbol (CtrlR).

√2

n-th roots can be calculated by putting a subscript number before the root sign.

₃√2

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/factorize.page0000644000175000017500000000064011345272100014752 00000000000000 Factorization

You can factorize the number currently displayed by pressing the fact button. This button is visible in programming mode.

To convert currencies press the ¤\$€ button in financial mode.

You can also convert currencies using the keyboard and the in operator.

13.65 USD in GBP

Currency information is approximate and should not be used for making financial decisions.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/complex.page0000644000175000017500000000046611345272100014441 00000000000000 Complex Numbers

Complex numbers are not supported in GCalctool.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/legal.xml0000644000175000017500000000101411345272077013745 00000000000000

As a special exception, the copyright holders give you permission to copy, modify, and distribute the example code contained in this document under the terms of your choosing, without restriction.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/eu/logarithm.page0000644000175000017500000000156611345272100014762 00000000000000 Logarithms

Logarithms can be calculated using the log function.

log 100

To calculate a logarithm in a different base use a subscript number after the function.

log₂ 32

To calculate a natural logarithm use the ln function.

ln 1.32

Euler's number can be entered by using the variable e.

e^1.32

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/0000755000175000017500000000000011345272102012204 500000000000000gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/base.page0000644000175000017500000000206511345272100013675 00000000000000 Number Bases

To enter numbers in a particular number base use subscript numbers. The following numbers are equivalent.

1001011₂

113₈

75

4B₁₆

When in programming mode there are buttons for binary (CtrlB), octal (CtrlO) and hexadecimal (CtrlH).

To set the base that results are shown in change the result format.

To change the base of the current result use a base button or CtrlD to show in decimal form.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/conv-length.page0000644000175000017500000000112111345272100015177 00000000000000 Length/Area/Volume

To convert between length, area and volume units use the in operator.

6 meters in inches

1 acre in cm²

1 pint in mL

Length/Area/Volume conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/conv-time.page0000644000175000017500000000072211345272100014662 00000000000000 Time

To convert between time use the in operator.

3 years in hours

Time conversions must be performed using the keyboard.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/superscript.page0000644000175000017500000000210411345272100015340 00000000000000 _ Superscript and Subscript

Some equations may require numbers to be entered in superscript or subscript form. e.g.

x³+2x²−5

To enter superscript numbers with the mouse select the number mode using the the ⎕ⁿ and ⎕n buttons. When one of these modes is active clicking the number buttons will enter numbers in superscript or subscript. To return to normal number mode click the active button.

To enter superscript numbers with the keyboard hold down Ctrl while entering the number. Hold Alt for subscript.

The number mode returns to normal when entering the next non-number character (e.g. +).

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/scientific.page0000644000175000017500000000172511345272100015105 00000000000000 Scientific Notation

To enter numbers in scientific format use the ×10x button (CtrlE). The number mode automatically changes to superscript. To enter 2×10¹⁰⁰, start by entering the mantissa (2):

2

Then press the scientific notation button (or press CtrlE):

2×10

Then enter the exponent (100):

2×10¹⁰⁰

To show results in scientific form change the result format.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/number-display.page0000644000175000017500000000254011345272100015714 00000000000000 Result Format

The format used to display results can be changed from the CalculatorPreferences menu.

 Desítková Results are displayed as decimal numbers Vědecká Results are displayed in scientific notation Engineering Results are displayed in scientific notation except the exponent is always a multiple of three Dvojková Results are displayed as binary numbers Osmičková Results are displayed as octal numbers Šestnáctková Results are displayed as hexadecimal numbers

The number of decimal places, if trailing zeroes and if thousands separators are shown can also be configured.

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/variables.page0000644000175000017500000000244311345272100014733 00000000000000 Variables

To assign a value to a variable use the = symbol or choose the variable to assign to with the →R button in advanced mode. A variable name must only upper or lower characters.

x=5

value=82

Variables can be used in any equation and are substituted for their assigned value. Variables can inserted using the ←R button.

6x+3

xy−3x+7y−21

The following variables are always defined.

 ans Result of previous calculation e Euler's Number π Pi rand Random value in the range [0,1] (changes on each read)
gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/factorial.page0000644000175000017500000000062311345272100014725 00000000000000 Factorials

Factorials are entered using the ! symbol. To calculate the factorial of 6 enter the following.

6!

gcalctool-5.29.92/help/cs/financial.page0000644000175000017500000000545711345272100014717 00000000000000 Financial Functions

When in financial mode the following buttons are available.

 Ctrm Calculate the number of compounding periods necessary to increase an investment of present value to a future value,